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Year of birth
Academic degree

Professor of the University of Helsinki (Finland)

General information

Professor Markku Kulmala is a world-class leader in the field of atmospheric aerosols and one of the founders of the «meteorology of land ecosystems». His work encompasses the experimental and theoretical physics of aerosols, atmospheric chemistry, observation meteorology, biophysics, in particular, biosphere-aerosol-cloud-climate interactions and reverse relations as well as interactions between the air quality and the climate. The main academic goal was to reduce the scientific uncertainty with respect to problems of the global climate change, especially related to aerosols and clouds. He emphasised biogenic mechanisms of the formation of aerosol particles and their relation with problems of the interaction between the biosphere and the atmosphere, biogeochemical cycles as well as the role of trace gases in the chemistry of the atmosphere. To sole these interdisciplinary problems, Prof. Kulmala has created a complex research programme that includes continuous long-term observations of the atmosphere, the global modelling and deep theoretical and experimental understanding of the dynamics of atmospheric clusters and aerosols. In his pioneering research, Markku Kulmala works at levels from the monomolecular and the molecular to the global scale.


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Leading scientist's research interests: atmospheric aerosols, meteorology of land ecosystems, theoretical and experimental physics of aerosols, atmospheric chemistry, observation meteorology, biophysics, biosphere-aerosol-cloud-climate interactions, air quality-climate interactions.

Scientific recognition
Awards and achievements:

2015 — Honorary Invited Associate of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Austria).

2015 — Fedor P. Litke Gold Medal of the Russian Geographical Society.

2015 — foreign member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

2014 - Honorary Professor at Fudan University (China PR).

2014 — Honorary Professor of the Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth (China PR).

2013 — Honorary Professor of Nanjing University (China PR).

2013 — Honorary Professor of Shandong University (China PR).

2012 — Bayer Climate Award (Bayer).

2012 — Professor of the Year (Government of Finland).

2012 — Honorary Professor of the University of Budapest (Hungary).

2010 — Fuchs Memorial Award by the American Association for Aerosol Research, the Society for Aerosol Research, and the Japan Association of Aerosol Science and Technology.

2009 — Fellow of the American Geophysical Union.

2008 — Honorary Doctor of the University of Tartu (Estonia).

2008 — Honorary chair of the Finnish Association for Aerosol Research.

2007 — Vilhelm Bjerknes Medal of the European Geosciences Union.

2003 — Honorary Member of the World Cultural Council.

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