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Laboratory for High Resolution Infrared Spectroscopy of Planetary Atmospheres

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Head of the laboratory

As of 01.11.2022

Number of staff members
scientific publications
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General information
Name of the project:  Research of planetary atmospheres using high resolution spectroscopy, numerical modeling of planetary atmospheres, development of infrared heterodyne spectrometers
Goals and objectives

Research directions: Research of planetary atmospheres using high resolution spectrometry, numerical modeling of planetary atmospheres, development of infrared heterodyne spectrometers

Project objective: Study of the Earth's climate and other planets and development of theoretical and experimental methods for research of planetary atmospheres.

The practical value of the study

Scientific results:

  1. We have researched the climates of Mars and Venus on the basis of data of the «Mars Express», «Venus Express» and «ExoMars» missions.
  2. Models of the climates of Mars and Venus have been produced on the basis of 3D models of atmospheric general circulation. The mechanism of the loss of water on Mars through the exosphere has been explained.
  3. The chemical composition of the atmospheres of Mars, Venus, Titan and Pluto.
  4. An ultra-high-resolution near-infrared heterodyne spectrometer has been created for the first time. It allows to conduct direct remote measurements of wind speed from observations of the Sun.
  5. A lineup of high-precision equipment for the instrumental measurement of emissions and deposition of climatically active substances has been developed on the basis of laser  spectroscopy.
  6. We have developed and tested in Arctic conditions a complex for operational ice reconnaissance and forecasting the development of ice conditions based on carrier-based drones equipped  radar systems. 

Implemented results of research:

On the basis of scientific groundwork and developments of the Laboratory and the Science and Technology Center for the Monitoring of the Environment and Ecology established on the basis of the Laboratory, the following technological solutions have been created:
  • Russian-made highly-sensitive gas analyzers for carbon polygons, assessing carbon footprint, air quality and solving other problems;
  • a unified digital platform for the instrumental assessment of the carbon footprint of industrial enterprises, urbanized and natural territories that includes in-house-developed instrumental means and software for the modeling of the propagation of admixtures in the atmosphere and the hydrosphere;
  • a hardware & software product for solving problems in operational ice reconnaissance and forecasting the development of ice conditions on the Northern Sea Route. 

Organizational and infrastructural transformations:

In 2016, the Laboratory of High-resolution Infrared Spectroscopy of Planetary Atmospheres   was converted into the Laboratory of Applied Infrared Spectroscopy and was incorporated into the Fiztekh school of aerospace technologies (MIPT). Alexander V. Rodin was appointed chair of the laboratory.

In 2021, on the basis of the Laboratory of Applied Infrared Spectroscopy the Science and  Technology Center for the Monitoring of the Environment and Ecology (STCM) was created. The Center, in turn, became part of the Science and Technology Complex «Nature». Alexander V. Rodin  was appointed executive director of the Center. 

Education and career development: 

  1. On the grounds of the Scientific and Technology Center for the Monitoring of the Environment and Ecology of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology two master’s degree programs are provided: «Monitoring of natural and technogenic environments» (supervised by Alexander V. Rodin), «Climate technologies» (supervised by the corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Anna A. Romanovskaya).
  2. A department of the same name was created in 2022 with a base organization at the  Yu. A. Izrael  Institute of Global Climate and Ecology. The department trains professionals  in the field of carbon footprint assessnebt, the decarbonization of branches of industry, the monitoring and minimization of the anthropogenic influence on the environment, first and foremost for major companies, whose products are export-oriented.
  3. Undergraduate and postgraduate students from Switzerland, Japan, Bolivia and Pakistan completed internships at the Laboratory. Students from Bolivia, India, Ecuador have been trained in the master’s degree program on the basis of the Laboratory. Since 2015, more than 20 students from the Donetsk People’s Republic have undergone training in the master’s and postgraduate degree program on the basis of the Laboratory and the STCM, the most talented of them were awarded diplomas with honors and presidential grants.


University of Reims (France), University of Cologne, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (Germany), Tohoku University (Japan), École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland), LATMOS (France): joint research.

The Laboratory of Applied Infrared Spectroscopy and the STCM actively participate in the international projects «Mars Express», «Venus Exoress», «ExoMars», the «Shukrayaan» mission to Venus conducted by the Indian Space Research Organization

The STCM maintains close academic and business relationship with regional scientific and educational organizations such as the Donetsk National University, Grozny State Oil Technical University named after Dmitry M. Millionschikov, the Tuva State University, the Polar Geophysical Institute, Scientific Center for the Study of the Arctic and other leading universities, institutes and research centers.

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krasnopolsky, v.a., belyaev, d.a., gordon, i.e., li, g., rothman, l.s.
Observations of D/H ratios in H2O, HCl, and HF on Venus and new DCl and DF line strengths. Icarus, vol. 224(1), p. 57–65, 2013
krasnopolsky, v.a.
Chemical composition of Titan's atmosphere and ionosphere: Observations and the photochemical model. Icarus, vol. 236, p. 83–91, 2914
krasnopolsky, v.a.
A photochemical model of Pluto's atmosphere and ionosphere. Icarus, vol. 335, p. 113374, 2020
shaposhnikov, d.s., medvedev, a.s., rodin, a.v., hartogh, p.
Seasonal Water “Pump” in the Atmosphere of Mars: Vertical Transport to the Thermosphere. Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 46, №8, p. 4161-4169, 2019
shaposhnikov, d.s., medvedev, a.s., rodin, a.v., yigit, e., hartogh, p.
Martian Dust Storms and Gravity Waves: Disentangling Water Transport to the Upper Atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 127, №1, p. e2021JE007102, 2022
rodin, a., klimchuk, a., nadezhdinskiy, a, churbanov, d., spiridonov., m.
High resolution heterodyne spectroscopy of the atmospheric methane NIR absorption. Optics Express, vol. 22, №11, p. 13825-13834, 2014.
rodin, a.v., churbanov, d.v., zenevich, s.g., klimchuk, a.yu., semenov, v.m., spiridonov, m.v., gazizov, i.sh.
Vertical wind profiling from the troposphere to the lower mesosphere based on high-resolution heterodyne near-infrared spectroradiometry. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, vol. 13, p. 2299–2308, 2020
zenevich, s., gazizov, i., churbanov, d., plyashkov, y., spiridonov, m., talipov, r., rodin, a.
A Concept of 2U Spaceborne Multichannel Heterodyne Spectroradiometer for Greenhouse Gases Remote Sensing. Remote Sensing 13, 12, p. 2235, 2021
gazizov, i., zenevich, s., rodin, a.
Low-pixel-count imaging FMCW lidar. Applied Optics, vol. 61, №31, 2022
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