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Laboratory for the Physics of Enhanced Tokamak Plasma Retention

Contract number
Time span of the project

As of 30.01.2020

scientific publications
General information

Name of the project: High-temperature plasma physics

Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development Priority Level: б

Goals and objectives

Research directions: Plasma physics and controlled nuclear fusion in facilities with magnetic retention

Project objective: Research of physics of improved retention of hot plasma in tokamaks as the basis for energy nuclear fusion reactors including the international ITER facility, as well as of thermonuclear neutron sources and hybrid fusion-fission system

The practical value of the study

  • We have determined key parameters for modernization of the «Globus-M» spherical tokamak. On the basis of analysis of processes of transfer and research of efficiency of external heating we have come to a conclusion that it is necessary to increase the magnetic field of the «Globus-M2» facility. The magnetic field will be more than doubled which will promote «Globus-M2» to the list of the leading facilities of this type in the world.
  • We have researched the divertor configuration of the tokamak. The ITER tokamak and future neutron sources based on tokamaks will rely on this configuration.
  • Our researchers have developed the unique computation code B2SOLPS5.3 for modeling near-wall plasma of ITER and other reactors.

Implemented results of research: The Laboratory has contributed to formation of the program of research in nuclear fusion at the Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences that corresponds to the Russian strategy of work and will allow to achieve important results ensuring world-wide recognition.

Education and career development: The Laboratory has organized lectures by invited professors at the International School for Additional Training in Plasma Physics

Other results:

  • The International Consulting Committee of the Laboratory has been created.
  • We have organized the International Meeting on Thermonuclear Neutron Sources.

Collaborations: «Erasmus Mundus» European asters Program (European Union), Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (Germany), Culham Centre for Fusion Energy (United Kingdom), ITER (France), KTH Royal Institute of Technology (Sweden), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (USA), National Institute for Fusion Science (Japan), Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (USA), Nagoya University (Japan), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (Switzerland), Polytechnic Institute (Italy), Hamburg University of Technology (Germany), National Polytechnic Institute (Mexico), Lund University (Sweden), Siemens (Germany), Willett (United Kingdom), Tokyo Instruments (Japan), Ecole Polytechnique (France): joint research

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L.G. Askinazi, M.I. Vildjunas, V.A. Kornev, S.V. Lebedev, A.S. Tukachinsky
Radial current in tokamak during neutral beam injection / Technical Physics Letters, vol. 39, issue 2, pp. 220-222 (2013)
V.A. Kornev, L.G. Askinazi, M.I. Vildjunas, N.A. Zhubr, S.V. Krikunov, S.V. Lebedev, D.V. Razumenko, V.V. Rozhdestvensky, A.S. Tukachinsky
Confinement of Energetic Ions in a Tokamak Plasma at Magnetic Field in the Range of 0.7–1.0 T / Technical Physics Letters, vol. 39, issue 3, pp. 290–293 (2013)
M. Kantor, M. Tsalas, A. Litnovsky, D. Rudakov, S. Bozhenkov, S. Ratynskaia, N. Ashikawa, A. Pospieszczyk, V. Philipps, TEXTOR Team
Characterization of dust particles in the TEXTOR tokamak with Thomson scattering diagnostic / Journal of Nuclear Materials, vol. 438, Supplement, pp. S711-S714 (2013)
V. Rozhansky, P. Molchanov, I. Veselova, S. Voskoboynikov, A. Kirk, G. Fishpool, P. Boerner, D. Reiter, D. Coster
Modeling of the edge plasma of MAST Upgrade with a Super-X divertor including drifts and an edge transport barrier / Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion, vol. 55, 035005 (2013)
V.V. Dyachenko, M.A. Irzak, E.D. Cherotchenko, O.N. Shcherbinin
Simulation of the conditions of wave excitation for the optimization of the lower hybrid current drive in the Globus-M spherical tokamak / Plasma Physics Reports, vol. 39, issue 2, pp. 120-129 (2013)
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