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Laboratory for Chemical Physics of f-elements

Contract number
075-15-2019-1891, 075-15-2022-1107
Time span of the project

As of 01.11.2022

Number of staff members
scientific publications
Objects of intellectual property
General information
Name of the project: Chemistry of elements on the bottom of the periodic table of elements through Advanced Physics
Goals and objectives

Project objective: Study of fundamental physical and chemical properties of f-elements and research of processes in which these processes play an important role.

The practical value of the study

Scientific results:

  1. During the existence of the Laboratory, we used a laboratory X-ray spectrometer to conduct a series of works to research various materials containing f-elements. We have also conducted research of materials based on d-elements using X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). As an X-ray radiation source we used an X-ray tube with a silver anode with a power output of 1,5 kW. The X-ray tube, the crystal-monochronometor and silicon drift detector (Amptek) were placed in a Rowland circle with a diameter of 0,5. On the basis of the collected data we published articles in highly-ranked journals, and more works are currently being prepared.
  2. We have researched a wide range of objects closely related to radioactive waste processing and the behavior of radionuclides in the environment. Thanks to the use of the most advanced synchrotron methods, we have obtained unique data on the local and electron structures of these of these compounds.
  3. Our researchers have developed new methods for the modeling of various XAS spectra with the use of different approaches combined semi-empirical methods, quantum mechanics and machine learning. 

Education and career development:

  • Employees of the Laboratory organized the school «XAS/XES School 2021 on Advanced Synchrotron Methods: Xray Absorption and Emission spectroscopy» (2-4 June 2021, Department of Radiochemistry of the Faculty of Chemistry of Moscow State University).
  • Two Candidate of Sciences dissertations have been prepared and defended.
  • Members of the academic staff have developed lecture courses for undergraduate and postgraduate students of the Faculty of Chemistry of Moscow State University (delivered in 2020-2021): «High-resolution synchrotron-based spectroscopy methods: experiment and theory», «Current problems of chemistry: modern physico-chemical methods in radiochemistry and more», «X-ray absorption spectroscopy: experiment, theory, analysis and data processing». 


Laboratory of Dosimetry and Radioactivity, the Environment, Laboratory of Radiopharmaceutical Chemistry, Laboratory of Organic Synthesis, Laboratory of Nanooptics and Metamaterias (Moscow State University), Kurchatov Institute, V. I . Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, A. N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, N. S. Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, «State Researc Center “Research Institute for Nuclear Reactors» JSC, Mining and Chemical Combine, Bentonit Company Limited (Russia): joint research.

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gerber, e., romanchuk, a. y., pidchenko, i., amidani, l., rossberg, a., hennig, c., vaughan, g. b. m., trigub, a., egorova, t., bauters, s., plakhova, t., hunault, m. o. j. y., weiss, s., butorin, s. m., scheinost, a. c., kalmykov, s. n., & kvashnina, k. o.
(2020). The missing pieces of the PuO 2 nanoparticle puzzle. Nanoscale, 12(35), 18039–18048. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0NR03767B (Работа представлена на обложке номера журнала)
boulanger, n., kuzenkova, a. s., iakunkov, a., romanchuk, a. y., trigub, a. l., egorov, a. v., bauters, s., amidani, l., retegan, m., kvashnina, k. o., kalmykov, s. n., & talyzin, a. v.
(2020). Enhanced Sorption of Radionuclides by Defect-Rich Graphene Oxide. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 12(40), 45122–45135. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.0c11122
gerber, e., romanchuk, a. y., weiss, s., schacherl, b., vitova, t., hubner, r., azzam, a. s., detollenaere, d., banerjee, d., butorin, s. m., kalmykov, s. n., & kvashnina, k. o.
(2021). Insight into the structure-property relation of UO2 nanoparticles. Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers,. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0QI01140A
amidani, l., vaughan, g. b. m., plakhova, t. v., romanchuk, a. y., gerber, e., svetogorov, r., weiss, s., joly, y., kalmykov, s. n., & kvashnina, k. o.
(2021). The Application of HEXS and HERFD XANES for Accurate Structural Characterisation of Actinide Nanomaterials: The Case of ThO2. Chemistry – A European Journal, chem.202003360. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.202003360 (Работа представлена на обложке номера журнала)
kvashnina k., butorin s. m.
(2021). Structural Insight into Complexation Ability and Coordination of Uranyl Nitrate by 1,10-Phenanthroline-2,9-diamides. Inorganic Chemistry. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.1c02982
s. v. gutorova, p. i. matveev, p. s. lemport, a. l. trigub, a. s. pozdeev, a. v. yatsenko, b. n. tarasevich, e. a. konopkina, e. k. khult, v. a. roznyatovsky, yu. v. nelyubina, k. l. isakovskaya, v. n. khrustalev, v. s. petrov, a. s. aldoshin, yu. a. ustynyuk, v. g. petrov, s. n. kalmykov, and v. g. nenajdenko
(2022). HERFD-XANES and RIXS study on the electronic structure of trivalent lanthanides across a series of isostructural compounds. Inorganic Chemistry. DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.1c01525 (Работа представлена на обложке номера журнала)
zasimov pavel v., amidani lucia, retegan marius, walter olaf, caciuffo roberto, kvashnina kristina o.
Cage-like Manganesesilsesquioxanes. Features of Synthesis, Unique Structure, and Catalytic Activity in Oxidative Amidations. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY FRONTIERS. том 9, № 17, с. 4525-4537 DOI: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2022/QI/D2QI01054B
astakhov grigorii1, khrustalev victor n., dronova marina, gutsul evgenii i., korlyukov alexander, gelman dmitri, zubavichus yan v., novichkov daniil, trigub alexander, shubina elena, bilyachenko alexey.
Charge storage mechanisms of a π–d conjugated polymer for advanced alkali-ion battery anodes. Chemical Science Royal Society of Chemistry. DOI: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2022/SC/D2SC03127B
kapaev roman r., zhugayevych andriy, ryazantsev sergey v., aksyonov dmitry a., novichkov daniil, matveev petr i., stevenson keith j.
To form or not to form: PuO2 nanoparticles at acidic pH. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE-NANO. DOI: https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2022/EN/D1EN00666E
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